A list of resources including books, journals and websites.

The Tree Of Knowledge – The Biological Roots Of Human Understanding
By Humberto Maturana and Francisco J. Varela

Autopoiesis and Cognition – The Realization of the Living
By Humberto Maturana and Francisco J. Varela






Aesthetics of Change
By Bradford P. Keeney, Heinz Von Foerster





Family Therapy

By Dorothy Stroh Becvar, Raphael J. Becvar




Change; Principles of Problem Formation and Problem Resolution
By Paul Watzlawick, John H. Weakland, Richard Fisch





Pragmatics of Human Communication – Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes
By Paul Watzlawick, Janet Helmick Beavin, Don D Jackson





Milan Systemic Family Therapy – Conversations in Theory and Practice
By Luigi Boscolo, Gianfranco Cecchin, Lynn Hoffman, Peggy Penn





Foundations of Family Therapy – Conceptual Framework for Systems Change
By Lynn Hoffman





Steps to an Ecology of Mind – Collected Essays in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution and Epistemology
By Gregory Bateson





A Theory Of Personality – The Psychology Of Personal Constructs
By George A. Kelly





Madness and Civilization – A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason
By Michel Foucault





Oikos website has a list of recommended books.

Journal Articles:
Hoffman, L. (1985). Beyond Power and control: Towards a “Second order” family systems therapy.   Family systems Medicine, 3, 381-396.

Hoffman, L. (1992). A reflexive stance for family therapy. In McNamee, S., and Gergen, K.J. (Eds), Therapy as a social construction (pp7-24). London: Sage

Griffith, J.L., Griffith, M.E & Slovik, I.S. (1992). Owning one’s epistemological stance intherapy. Dulwich Centre Newsletter, 1, 5-11

Bogdan, J.C. (1984). Family organisation as an ecology of ideas: An alternative to thereification of family systems. Family Process, 23, 376-388.

Anderson, H., & Goolishian, H. (1992). The client is the expert: A not-knowing approach totherapy. In McName, S., & Gergen, K.J. (Eds.) Therapy as social construction (pp25-39). London: Sage.

Some of the following recommended books are more practical in nature and may not be ecosystemic in epistemology. These books are recommended as they were found to be helpful in terms of our current societal context.


Treating Traumatized Children
By Beverly James






Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
By Philip Saigh




Posttraumatic Stress Disorder – DSM-IV and Beyond
By Jonathan Davidson, Edna Foa






Psychology and Religion

A Way of Being
By Carl R. Rogers






Religion and Nothingness
By Keiji Nishitani







Mind and Life Institute